Golf course staff in Costa Rica have been asked to work from home after the island’s tourism ministry declared a state of emergency.
Costa Rica’s tourism minister, José Maza, said the state of disaster is the most significant since the 1990s.
Costa Rican authorities said the island had become too dangerous for people to go out.
“The government has made a decision to restrict all public activities on the island of Costa Rica until further notice,” the ministry said in a statement.
Costa Ricans have been warned not to go on vacation until the threat is resolved.
More than 1,000 people have been killed and thousands of others injured in the past year, the most since the 1950s.
The government has warned the island could collapse, with tourism being one of the most lucrative sectors of the economy.
In a letter to Costa Ricas citizens, Mr Maza said “the island is in danger of a complete breakdown, and the government cannot guarantee its safety”.
He added that the island “will be unable to support the basic services required by a stable and healthy society”.
The island’s governor has been ordered to hand over all state assets to Mr Mazar, as part of a move that could pave the way for a new election.
Costa Rico is one of Costa Ricos most popular destinations.
The island was the scene of an estimated 3.2 million visitors last year, making it the second most popular destination for the majority of Costa Rican residents.